States With the Highest Number of Immigration Cases

The United States has always been a melting pot of cultures and nationalities, largely due to its extensive history of immigration. However, recent years have seen a significant increase in the number of immigration cases, with certain states experiencing a higher influx than others.

This article provides a detailed analysis of the states with the most immigration cases as of 2024, exploring the underlying causes and impacts of this trend.

States with the Highest Number of Immigration Cases

As of the end of December 2023, the U.S. Immigration Courts had a staggering 3,287,058 active cases pending. The states with the most significant number of these cases include Florida, California, New York, and Texas. Specifically, Miami-Dade County in Florida leads with 134,851 pending immigration court deportation cases, followed by Los Angeles County in California with 99,802 cases, and Queens County in New York with 92,465 cases​​.

Factors Contributing to the Backlog

Several factors contribute to the backlog of immigration cases in these states. Firstly, the increased number of inadmissible immigrants arriving at ports of entry, including international airports, has contributed significantly. For instance, during the fiscal year of 2023, the Office of Field Operations officials at U.S. ports of entry recorded the highest number of inadmissible immigrants at Miami International Airport, Florida, followed by San Ysidro, California, and Brownsville, Texas​​.

Efforts to Address the Backlog

Despite the overwhelming backlog, there are efforts to clear cases at a faster rate. Immigration judges completed almost 200,000 cases between October and December 2023, a 50% increase compared to the same period in the previous year. This surge in case completions is crucial, especially as new cases continue to accumulate​​.

Impact on Immigrants

The backlog in immigration courts has significant implications for immigrants. For example, the average length of time to adjudicate an asylum claim in a U.S. immigration court has increased from three years in 2022 to five years at the start of 2024. Such delays can prolong the uncertainty and hardship faced by asylum seekers and other immigrants awaiting court decisions​​.

Representation Challenges

Another notable challenge is the lack of legal representation. As of December 2023, only about 15.9% of immigrants, including unaccompanied children, had an attorney to assist them in immigration court cases when a removal order was issued. This lack of representation can significantly impact the outcome of these cases​​.

Nationalities Most Affected

The nationalities most affected by deportation orders vary, with immigrants from Honduras topping the list, followed by Guatemala, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Colombia. These statistics highlight the diverse origins of immigrants involved in U.S. immigration court cases​​​​.


The surge in immigration cases in states like Florida, California, New York, and Texas reflects broader trends in U.S. immigration and presents significant challenges for both the legal system and immigrants.

Efforts to address the backlog are ongoing, but the complex nature of immigration law and the diverse backgrounds of those involved make this a challenging and multifaceted issue. As the U.S. continues to be a destination for people from around the world, understanding and addressing these challenges remains a crucial aspect of the nation’s immigration policy.

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